Happy New Year! Hope 2021 is going to be kinder, peaceful, and stable. 2021 kicked off very well. I am blessed to get my book – How To Build a Hotel from Scratch published in April 2021.

Please enjoy an extract from my book  about tourism and hospitality below:

Tracing as early as 2000BC, cinnamon was brought from Sri-Lanka, saffron from India. Apricots, peaches, rice and grains, and other various foods were introduced to European countries by Persia and China. The Silk Road encouraged to trade in many goods, including tea, as well as the exchange of knowledge and cultural habits. As Romans set a tone and were the first to travel for pleasure, the Great Silk Road created the path for future commerce and global trade; and hospitality has become a must and norm in many cultures. In my opinion, Silk Roads was a reciprocal trade thanks to Genghis Khan. I have a fascination and asked myself many times: “How did the least hospitable country such as Mongolia breed Genghis Khan?”

The most powerful conqueror issued the law: “Hospitality is Sacred.” Genghis Khan is a self-made conqueror even though he came from the poorest family, starving when his father was murdered and somehow built the biggest army in history.  Some historians are saying that Genghis Khan was perceived as a brutal, ruthless barbarian. I was happy to learn that his name is restored thanks to Jack Weatherford, writer, and Professor of Anthropology. Professor Weatherford gives a very concise story and facts:

“Under his administration, all religious leaders were exempt from taxation, and from public service. Genghis Khan also globalized the Mongol army by recruiting many people outside of the Mongol empire. Genghis Khan and his army battled many empires such as the Chinese, Russian, Khwarazm, and more. As Genghis Khan conquered these empires, he used torture as a form of punishment but with lesser severity. He used such tactics as intimidation but at the same time convinced many people to join his Mongol army and gained respect. Through such tactics, Genghis Khan revolutionized traditional military tactics and created a more hybridized, multicultural army to defeat and conquer other empires.”

Weatherford argues that the Mongol Empire was the impetus for the Europeans and two centuries later were trying to reclaim the lucrative global trade that was lost when the Mongol Empire collapsed.

Jack Weatherford attributes the following to Genghis Khan’s rule:

  • Unprecedented religious tolerance
  • Low level of discrimination toward other races
  • Low level of meddling with local customs and culture
  • The idea of rule by consensus within Mongol tribes
  • Culture of meritocracy
  • The culture that believed in the rule of law
  • Strong sponsorship of Eurasian trade
  • Building of roads to support trade
  • The first culture to promote universal literacy
  • The first international postal system
  • First widespread use of paper money
  • Reduction of the use of torture in the penal system and Belief in diplomatic immunity for ambassadors/envoys